By Alain Lubamba wa Lubamba)
I am sorry that the chaotic situation in the east of my country. Again and again too, desolation, grief and sorrow seized Congolese from all sides.
Every girl and every son of the DRC are expressed through protest declarations, marches, organizing a national mourning …
Albert Camus said “wrong words for things is add a misfortune in the world.”
It is therefore my duty whatever the circumstances, the political or economic context, our moods, our tendencies to tell the truth and call the cat by name.
This umpteenth sad and cowardly mass killing is the work of ADF rebel movement of Ugandan origin, born in the mid-1990s to fight the Ugandan current regime in power for 30 years.
Merely consider the purpose for which this movement was established, there would be trouble understanding that heinous massacres recurring perpetuated in the DRC rather than in Uganda, which would make sense if fault remain objective and rational.
Since the time of mourning is over, we have to go in search and operationalization of concrete answers in order to definitively ends the mourning and counting the dead of our brothers and sisters.
However, if the question is wrong, the answer will be biased. If the problem is not placed in context, we will fall into a pretext. If the results are distorted, the strategy to develop and deploy will be inappropriate and will not have a concrete impact on the ground.
Before proposing solutions, it is important to understand the author (ADF) of these massive and repetitive killings.
Since 2007, the ADF Islamist militia led by Jamil MUKULU is accused of multiplying massacres of peaceful Congolese compatriots going about freely and quietly about their business. These Congolese civilians, peace-loving, living in North Kivu in the DRC continue to pay for the barbarity of the ADF fighters.
An institution or an organization worth its leader (leader), they say.
Jamil MUKULU, host of the ADF, is a radical war leader whose motives remain visibly and tactically disorders. This Christian, a native of Uganda converted to Islam, is presented as a radical Islamist. But as for his willingness to sacrifice for the sake of Allah, many analysts and researchers emit their doubt.
MUKULU Jamil, leader of the ADF is one of the most wanted militia and bloodthirsty North Kivu. It is placed since 2001 on the list of terrorist organizations by the United States of America. The Warlord is referred for nearly 15 years by United Nations sanctions and the European Union.
Located in the territory of Beni, in North Kivu in the DR. Congo, ADF is considered by many international experts on defense and security issues as the main source of instability in eastern DR Congo.
To recall, the ADF is the Islamic branch of the former Ugandan rebel ADF-NALU of born in 1995 of the Alliance between the Muslims of the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF) and the fighters of the National Army for the Liberation Uganda (NALU). After failing to overthrow the regime in Kampala, NALU members had left the movement to go in 2007. Jamil MUKULU, Military Chief of the ADF, finds himself in sole command of the militia he leads since ferociously .
MUKULU Jamil, born in 1964 in the village of Ntoke in the Kayunga district in Uganda in 1980 will integrate the Tabligh Islamic movement born in India in 1920.
According to a report from UN experts on the DRC, Jamil MUKULU have his headquarters in the North East of Beni, near Eringeti in a camp called “Madinat Muwaheedina Tawheed”. His troops would be divided into different camps nearby. Some fighters were conscripted in the DRC and Uganda.
Even family members of his fighters, women and children, are being also impose military training.
According to a report of the Ugandan intelligence services consulted by the newspaper “The Daily Monitor,” the terrorist Jamil MUKULU would have attended training camps in Afghanistan and Pakistan. In an edition of the RFI Journal of May 9, 2015, referring to the request of Uganda to Tanzania, extradition of Jamil MUKULU, the French journalist described it as follows: Jamil MUKULU is a difficult character to identify. Interpol on the search page, it appears as nine false identities and nationalities. Sometimes Kenyan, Tanzanian or sometimes even British. The man is a champion of transformation. He is bald and beardless on a false passport, mustachioed another, or bearded, with or without glasses … is suspected of having trained in Afghanistan and Pakistan. He was wanted for attacks and murders in Uganda. But it is especially in the DRC, in the Beni area of North Kivu that, under him, the ADF militia showed great cruelty, including massacres and mutilations of women and children. It is still the ADF that is attributed the attack on a convoy of MONUSCO which had cost the lives of two Tanzanian soldiers.
Having links with Al Shabaab affiliated Somalis since 2012 at the Al-Qaeda, ADF, under the rule of Jamil MUKULU, from 2007, has grown from a regular militia component of African radical Islamic nebula. In recent years, many intelligence services of countries in the Great Lakes Region hammering the ADF Jamil MUKULU has links with Somali Shebab.
According to Christopher Vogel, specialist researcher armed groups in North Kivu, there may be tactical exchanges, logistical cooperation … between the two movements.
However, the ideological motivations of the ADF, like those of MUKULU remain deliberately vague. Hard to say if this group leads the Jihad or if he defends political and financial interests. However, some experts believe that the ADF is a terrorist offshoot DRC for access to strategic minerals.
By analyzing the medium and mode of action of the ADF, the tactics of camouflage its leader, how to use force and violence by people whom we know neither the face nor the identity and the period of existence of this movement, it is necessary to confirm that this is a terrorist offshoot to conquer the Congo to build capacity capable of greater concern all humanity. Hence our call to the national and international mobilization to permanently destroy this movement in order to prevent access to strategic minerals.
Sometimes the goals of terrorism are not clearly established, it is simply to kill people at random. The aim is to spread fear and make everyone say, “this victim, it could be me.” Nobody is immune. This will force people to change their lifestyle or even to empty their environment to give them space.
It is still important to stress this:
Terrorism is a psychological warfare.
A terrorist thinks and he is a murderer who calculates.
He works long-term to achieve the final goal.
Terrorism is not religious. It is not an Arab or Muslim tradition.
In other words, any terrorist act is not Arab or Islamic;
Any terrorist act is not claimable.
Given that terrorism is universal, no national army, organized, equipped and disciplined it is, can not win alone terrorism because they operate is very complex. Terrorists will strike when you least expect it and they do not advertise as in a conventional war. All terrorists pose or do not carry bombs. They proceed by moment by the poisoning of water sources, kidnapping, hostage taking or plane, mutilations, killings machete …
The fight against terrorism must be based on four strategic actions, namely:
Measures to address the conditions conducive to the spread of terrorism;
measures to prevent and combat terrorism;
measures to expand the resources available to States to prevent and combat terrorism;
measures to ensure respect for human rights and the rule of law entant a fundamental basis for the fight against terrorism.
Thus, these strategic pillars proposed above should lead to ask the following acts:
Define our diplomatic line against the international current issues and interests of the actors of international life interested in the precious materials of the DR Congo.
The DRC is one of the few African states not to have signed the document “Humanitarian Commitment” on the consequences of nuclear weapons, despite its active participation in the 3rd Intergovernmental Conference on the humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons in Vienna in December 2014, we believe that the time has come for the Government to request both Houses of Parliament for authorization to ratify this Convention.
A great effort to accelerate economic development, education and combating unemployment, poverty and social intolerance as factors having an impact on terrorism. Otherwise, replace the empty throughout our borders by industrial activities;
Being very ambitious by assigning a goal to create wealth in a modern way, because artisanal mining, forestry, agriculture and fishing is not a credible alternative but a slave and criminal activity that responds to the absence of industrial initiatives.
Capacity building armies, police and security services and the creation of a regional anti-terror unit ready to intervene whenever a member country is targeted by terrorists;
Establish the Cybercrime Regulatory Authority to fight against the use of the internet for terrorist purposes by establishing a messaging control mechanism and identification of users without prejudice to the infringement private rights;
Develop a digital mechanism for managing regional borders, which allow control over mobility and the treatment of people, integrity and security of the issuance process immigration documents, liquid and other money transfer bearer negotiable instruments, movement and treatment of goods, movement of small arms, river and lake safety, security in aviation, and emergency alert system, careful control of ammunition and explosives, chemical, biological and nuclear;
Adoption by the regional parliaments of the new laws adapted to the fight against international terrorism, like other countries affected by this scourge.
Do accept the terms “terrorism” to the international community in relation to killings in the eastern DRC as was the case with the terminology “aggression” during the war with the Rwandan and Ugandan troops.
Make integrate the DRC in the Special Team for the Fight against Terrorism established in 2005 by the Secretary General of the United Nations so that the issue of blessed be supported in the framework of the Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy of the United Nations.
The United Nations Centre for the fight against terrorism assists Member States in building capacity and implementing projects against terrorism worldwide.
Bring the UN Security Council to declare that this is terrorism in Beni and to make statements, on the lines of the fatal attack occurred in Lahore, Pakistan, the bombings that struck Brussels double suicide bombing murderer in Nigeria …
It is time that all citizens of the world are mobilizing to prevent the Boko Haram movement is expanding, does not come to a junction with the ADF in the center of Africa, and they have certainly not access to strategic materials including uranium, lithium, niobium, coltan … that abounds Congo. The latter should be a lock to prevent this junction.
In particular, girls and son, fellow Congolese, despite our political differences, the political crisis or political maneuvers of one or the other, it is imperative that this issue that strikes the soul of the Congolese that we are able publicly silence our divisions. Otherwise, the terrorist will soon realize that he managed and he can afford to rush into its target spare no one.
Congolese foreign and Congolese living in the DRC, we must all denounce and combat terrorism. Opinion leaders must be able to set up a sacred union of the Congolese nation against terrorism. Faced with this terrorist drama of Beni, we have unanimously promote national solidarity and unity of the Congolese.
Honourable Alain Lubamba WA Lubamba
-Député And National Vice-President of the Commission for External Relations
-member Of the International Network of Parliamentarians for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Disarmament